The following is reproduced from the CIA World Factbook (where additional information is available). It is compiled and published annually by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States government.
The text is unchanged, except that the "Map Reference" section is omitted. Otherwise, only the layout and order was adapted for this website.
This entry in the original Factbook for the year 2003 was last updated by the CIA on 18 December, 2003.
Background: Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the island has been a French possession since 1897. It has been exploited for its guano and phosphate. Presently a small military garrison oversees a meteorological station.
Economic Overview: Up to 12,000 tons of guano are mined per year.
|Location:||Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique|
|Geographic coordinates:||17 03 S, 42 45 E|
|Area:||Total: 4.4 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 4.4 sq km|
|Area - comparative:||About seven times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC|
|Land boundaries:||0 km|
|Maritime claims:||Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM|
|Terrain:||Low and flat|
|Elevation extremes:||Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 10 m|
|Natural resources:||Guano deposits and other fertilizers|
|Land use:||Arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (90% forest) (1998 est.)|
|Irrigated land:||0 sq km (1998 est.)|
|Natural hazards:||Periodic cyclones|
|Environment - current issues:||NA|
|Geography - note:||Wildlife sanctuary|
|Population:||No indigenous inhabitants note: there is a small French military garrison along with a few meteorologists; occasionally visited by scientists (July 2003 est.)|
|Country name:||Conventional long form: none conventional short form: Juan de Nova Island local short form: Ile Juan de Nova local long form: none|
|Dependency status:||Possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion|
|Legal system:||The laws of France, where applicable, apply|
|Diplomatic representation in the US:||None (possession of France)|
|Diplomatic representation from the US:||None (possession of France)|
|Flag description:||The flag of France is used|
|Communications - note:||1 meteorological station|
|Railways:||Total: NA km; short line going to a jetty|
|Ports and harbors:||None; offshore anchorage only|
|Airports - with unpaved runways:||Total: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)|
|Military - note:||Defense is the responsibility of France|
|Disputes - international:||Claimed by Madagascar|
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