The following is reproduced from the CIA World Factbook (where additional information is available). It is compiled and published annually by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States government.
The text is unchanged, except that the "Map Reference" section is omitted. Otherwise, only the layout and order was adapted for this website.
This entry in the original Factbook for the year 2002 was last updated by the CIA on 19 March 2003.
Background: A French possession since 1897, the island is heavily wooded; it is the site of a small military garrison that staffs a weather station.
Economic Overview: no economic activity
|Location:||Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from southern Madagascar to southern Mozambique|
|Geographic coordinates:||22 20 S, 40 22 E|
|Area:||Total: 28 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 28 sq km|
|Area - comparative:||About 0.16 times the size of Washington, DC|
|Land boundaries:||0 km|
|Maritime claims:||Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM|
|Terrain:||Low and flat|
|Elevation extremes:||Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 24 m|
|Land use:||Arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (mangrove forests and woodlands) (1998 est.)|
|Irrigated land:||0 sq km (1998 est.)|
|Environment - current issues:||NA|
|Geography - note:||Wildlife sanctuary|
|Population:||No indigenous inhabitants note: there is a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists; visited by scientists (July 2002 est.)|
|Country name:||Conventional long form: none conventional short form: Europa Island local short form: Ile Europa local long form: none|
|Dependency status:||Possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion|
|Legal system:||The laws of France, where applicable, apply|
|Flag description:||The flag of France is used|
|Communications - note:||1 meteorological station|
|Ports and harbors:||None; offshore anchorage only|
|Airports - with unpaved runways:||Total: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)|
|Military - note:||Defense is the responsibility of France|
|Disputes - international:||Claimed by Madagascar|
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