The following is reproduced from the CIA World Factbook (where additional information is available). It is compiled and published annually by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States government.
The text is unchanged, except that the "Map Reference" section is omitted. Otherwise, only the layout and order was adapted for this website.
This entry in the original Factbook for the year 2001 was based on information available at 1 January 2001.
Background: This isolated island was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France, which took possession in 1935.
Economic Overview: Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.
|Location:||Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico|
|Geographic coordinates:||10 17 N, 109 13 W|
7 sq km
land: 7 sq km
water: 0 sq km
|Area - comparative:||About 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC|
|Land boundaries:||0 km|
|Maritime claims:||Exclusive economic zone:
territorial sea: 12 NM
|Climate:||Tropical, humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, rains May-October|
|Elevation extremes:||Lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m
|Land use:||Arable land:
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 100% (all coral)
|Irrigated land:||0 sq km (1993)|
|Environment - current issues:||NA|
|Geography - note:||Reef about 8 km in circumference|
|Population:||Uninhabited (July 2001 est.)|
|Country name:||Conventional long form:
conventional short form: Clipperton Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Clipperton
former: sometimes called Ile de la Passion
|Dependency status:||Possession of France; administered by France from French Polynesia by a high commissioner of the Republic|
|Legal system:||The laws of France, where applicable, apply|
|Flag description:||The flag of France is used|
|Ports and harbors:||None; offshore anchorage only|
|Military - note:||Defense is the responsibility of France|
|Disputes - international:||None|
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