The following is reproduced from the CIA World Factbook (where additional information is available). It is compiled and published annually by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States government.
The text is unchanged, except that the "Map Reference" section is omitted. Otherwise, only the layout and order was adapted for this website.
This entry in the original Factbook for the year 2001 was based on information available at 1 January 2001.
Background: This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825 when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters were designated a nature reserve. Since 1977, Norway has run an automated meteorological station on the island.
Economic Overview: no economic activity; declared a nature reserve
|Location:||Southern Africa, island in the South Atlantic Ocean, south-southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)|
|Geographic coordinates:||54 26 S, 3 24 E|
58.5 sq km
land: 58.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
|Area - comparative:||About 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC|
|Land boundaries:||0 km|
|Maritime claims:||Territorial sea: 4 NM|
|Terrain:||Volcanic; maximum elevation about 800 m; coast is mostly inaccessible|
|Elevation extremes:||Lowest point:
South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m
|Land use:||Arable land:
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice)
|Irrigated land:||0 sq km (1993)|
|Environment - current issues:||NA|
|Geography - note:||Covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve|
|Population:||Uninhabited (July 2001 est.)|
|Country name:||Conventional long form:
conventional short form: Bouvet Island
|Dependency status:||Territory of Norway; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice and Police from Oslo|
|Legal system:||The laws of Norway, where applicable, apply|
|Flag description:||The flag of Norway is used|
|Internet country code:||.bv|
|Communications - note:||Automatic meteorological station|
|Ports and harbors:||None; offshore anchorage only|
|Military - note:||Defense is the responsibility of Norway|
|Disputes - international:||None|
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